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Plant production and analysis. A to D, Schematic representation of experimental workflow. Autotetraploid potato var Desiree was cultured axenically and either protoplasted and regenerated (A), propagated from nodal buds without callus formation or regeneration (B), or regenerated from stem explants after Agrobacterium transformation (C). Cumulative numbers …


The present communication reports, induction of adventitious roots (AR) from the in vitro raised leaves of Morinda coreia as affected by auxins and their varying concentrations. The roots of this plant possess anthraquinone, a preferable natural dye, explored well in pharmaceuticals. The AR from the leaves were induced under light and dark conditions within …


filter paper. It was stored at 40C in black cap bottles for further uses. f) Ethanol extract- Azadirachta indica 50 gm leaves were converted into fine powder form using a pastal moltar and dip in 500 ml ethanol solvent for overnight. After 24 hours the solvent was filtered by using Whatman filter paper.


Productivity rates between 20 and 30 gm −2 day −1 (73–109,000 kg ha −1 yr −1) are in the range of usual open raceway performance (Bharathiraja et al., 2015). The productivity of the system γ is defined as (7) γ = μx Where μ is the specific growth rate in units of reciprocal of time and x is the biomass concentration.


Biomass is referred to as an indirect source of solar energy and considered a source of stored energy. Biomass is a renewable organic material derived from plants and animals serving as sources of energy [].Improper disposal of biomass produced by the agricultural sector is a major challenge worldwide [].The demand for energy and food security is increasing as the …


Studies were conducted to find efficient Indole acetic acid producing strains and assessing the effectiveness of combined dose of azolla (dried) and IAA producers on plant growth. Out of ten isolates, only two isolates, viz, F1 and G2 were found to be potent IAA producers and were used for further experiments. It was found that the isolate F1 and G2 …


This paper updates the undesirable impacts of GM crops and their products on target and non-target species and attempts to shed light on the emerging challenges and threats associated with it. Powerful scientific techniques have caused dramatic expansion of genetically modified crops leading to altered agricultural practices posing direct and indirect environmental …


At present time, every nation is absolutely concern about increasing agricultural production and bioremediation of petroleum-contaminated soil. Hence, with this intention in the current study potent natural surfactants characterized as lipopeptides were evaluated for low-cost production by Bacillus subtilis SNW3, previously isolated from the Fimkessar oil field, Chakwal …


In the present study, an environmentally friendly microbial-induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) technique was explored to reinforce the desert sand using the stopped-flow pouring method. A detailed experimental study has been conducted with Sporosarcina (S.) pasteurii urease-producing bacteria with a 0.5 M cementation solution. To optimize the …


Plant part (leaf, stem and flower) powder was weighed 500 gm and kept in a container in contact with pet ether for seven days, with vigorous shaking at regular interval. Material was filtered a first with muslin cloth and then with filter paper. Filtrate was collected and dried in water bath till no further reduction in mass of


The presence of anthraquinones was checked using Borntrager's test. 3 ml of the plant extract was dissolved in 3 ml of benzene and filtered with …


The application of fluorescent proteins in ornamental plants has lagged behind despite the recent development of powerful genetic tools. Although we previously generated transgenic torenia plants ...


Tiwari et al., J Adv Sci Res, 2021; 12 (3) Suppl 2 : ... plants and herbal medicines for the alleviation of varied diseases and ailments. Considering the number of plant ... extract was filter ed and the solvent was distilled off by the help of rotary evaporator at the temperature of around 50ºC. The extract was freeze dried and


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Codeforces

Greetings to all humans and robots on this site! sevlll777, crazyilian, Mangooste, imachug and me (Alexdat2000) invite everyone to participate in the Codeforces Round #770 (Div. 2), which will take place this Feb/06/2022 17:35 (Moscow …


whole plant of Oxalis corniculata Linn was caried out as r [8]. The limit test at 2000 mg/kg which required a total of 5 albino mice was used. The mice were fasted overnight prior to the experiment and their body weights were measured.A single dose of MEOC (2000 mg/kg body weight) was dissolved as 1ml/100 gm


Public Acceptance of Plant Biotechnology and GM Crops. A wide gap exists between the rapid acceptance of genetically modified (GM) crops for cultivation by farmers in many countries and in the global markets for food and feed, and the often-limited acceptance by consumers. This review contrasts the advances of practical applications of ...


Fusaric acid (FSA) is a phytotoxin produced by several Fusarium species and has been associated with plant disease development, although its role is still not well understood.; Mutation of key genes in the FSA biosynthetic gene (FUB) cluster in Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4) reduced the FSA production, and resulted in decreased …


(100 gm) were extracted with ethanol (60-80ºC) for 18 hrs. After completionof extraction, the defatted extract was filtered while hot through Whatman filter paper (No.10) to remove any impurities if present. The extract was concentrated by vacuum distillation to reduce the volume to 1/10; the concentrated extract was


Fragoso et al. proposed a set up of pilot plant for osmotic dehydration of apple cubes of 1 cm 3. They showed that suitable pilot plant should consist of novel agitation system, immersion device, a bag filter and vacuum evaporator. The experiment was done at 50 °C in 60 °B of sucrose syrup and sugar/fruit ratio of 5.


Plant Tissue Culture: Current Status and Opportunities 21. Meristem: a group of undifferentiated cells situated at the tips of shoots, buds and roots, which divide actively and give rise to tissue ...


Lepidagathis hyalina Nees is an ethnomedicinally potential Asian herb, locally used to treat cardiovascular diseases and coughs. The study was intended to evaluate qualitative and quantitative investigation to ensure numerous pharmacological properties of methanol extracts of L. hyalina Ness root (MELHR). MELHR manifested strong radical scavenging activity in the …


Preparation of extracts from plant material - Guava leaves (P. guajava) The leaves powdered (10 gm) were boiled with water in round bottom flask (150 ml) at different temperatures (1000C, 1100C, and 1200C), until it reduced on half (~75 ml) of itsinitial volume. The extracts were cooled and filtered (Whatman No.1 filterpaper used for filtering).


1 Kg H 2 SO 4 + 5.5 gm Ag 2 SO 4 30 ml 30 ml. Note: – for accuracy in results take raw effluent Sample of 0.2 ml to 0.5 ml. * While adding acid keep the flask in ice bath to avoid loss of volatile Substances due to heat liberation. * Add 1 – 2 glass beads to avoid the bumping during heating. * Keep the flask for refluxing for 2 hours.


The major metabolic consequence of plant dwarfing is a reduction in response to the plant phytohormone gibberellin 58 and an increase of active endogenous gibberellin levels when compared to wild ...


Plant part (leaf, stem and flower) powder was weighed 500 gm and kept in a container in contact with pet ether for seven days, with vigorous shaking at regular interval. Material was filtered a first with muslin cloth and then with filter paper. Filtrate was collected and dried in water bath till no further