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FINENESS MODULUS OF FINE AGGREGATE TXDOT DESIGNATION: TEX-402-A CONSTRUCTION DIVISION 2 – 2 LAST REVIEWED: SEPTEMBER 2014 4.2 Calculate the Fineness Modulus (FM): FM Cumulative percent retained= ( ) / 100 4.3 Table 1 lists example amounts for discussion purposes. Table 1—Amounts for Example Calculations


3.4.3 Fineness Modulus. The significance of fineness modulus (FM) is in specifying the proportions of fine and coarse aggregates when designing concrete mixes. The higher the value of FM, the coarser the aggregate. Generally, a lower FM results in more paste, making the concrete easier to finish.


Difference Between Fine and Coarse Aggregate. Aggregates are end product on their own and also used as the raw material in concrete mixtures. Sand, gravel or crushed stone are the essential ingredients in the concrete mix and account …


A greater proportion of coarse aggregate (i.e., a decrease in S/A ratio) improved the mechanical properties by 10% compared to the control specimens (S/A ratio: 52%) at 56 days. A higher S/A ratio was shown to improve bonding capacity by enhancing the roughness of the particles and thereby increasing adhesion strength.


Coarse aggregate can be defined as inert granular materials such as gravel, crushed stone and sand. Coarse aggregate is one of the essential ingredients apart of water and cement in concrete production. It consists about 60 to 75 percent of total concrete production Coarse aggregate comes from particles greater than 4.75mm but commonly in a ...


crushing. Coarse aggregates smaller than 20 mm were suggested to be eliminated as they may interrupt the grout flow. Neville proposed the use of coarse aggregates of sizes smaller than 38 mm, with the aggregates being gap-graded and of multiple sizes [13]. Later, the minimum size of coarse aggregates of 10 mm was suggested by Orchard [14].


Aggregates • Fine Consists of natural sand, manufactured sand or crushed stone <3/8" Fine aggregate will pass the # 4 sieve • Coarse Natural or crushed stone 3/8" to 1 ½" (or more) Coarse aggregate is larger than a #4 sieve 4 Mineralogy • Igneous (Latin - "Fire") Formed from volcanic processes and


The optimal amount of fly ash to fill aggregate voids is determined; then, the coarse aggregate was added to the mixture in proportion to the obtained optimum packing density of (sand + Flt ash) + RCA. The ratio of fly ash to both fine and coarse aggregates of the maximum unit weight was used to calculate the void volume (V v).


aggregates cannot be overemphasized. The fine and coarse aggregates generally occupy 60% to 75% of the concrete volume (70% to 85% by mass) and strongly influ-ence the concrete's freshly mixed and hardened proper-ties, mixture proportions, and economy. Fine aggregates (Fig. 5-1) generally consist of natural sand or crushed


graded coarse aggregate of maximum 20 mm size. The coarse aggregate content was founded out by subtracting the volume proportion of above stated entities from 1 cubic metre. For this appropriate value of specific gravities for cement, water, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate was assumed as 3.15,1,2.86,2.88.The results of


A series of laboratory tests is carried out for 6 different mix proportions 5:0, 4:1, 3:2, 2:3, 1:4 and 0:5 of Sylhet sand and local river sand. For all of the mix ratios, compressive strengths ...


For Cement, Sand and Coarse Aggregate. This is a Volumetric Calculation. Assuming we need 2 m 3 of concrete for M20 Concrete Mix, (Mix Ratio, M20 = 1 : 1.5 : 3) Total Part of the Concrete = 1+1.5+3 = 5.5 Parts. …


Fine aggregates range from an FM of 2.00 to 4.00, and coarse aggregates smaller than 38.1 mm range from 6.75 to 8.00. Sieve Analysis of Sand. Fineness modulus of sand (fine aggregate) is an index number which represents the mean size of the particles in sand. It is calculated by performing sieve analysis with standard sieves.


Once the fineness modulus of the fine aggregate is known, it can be used to select proportions of coarse aggregate. In its standard practice 211.1-91 Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavyweight, and Mass Concrete, The American …


Bulking of Sand – If the moisture is present in the sand, then it makes the sand look bulkier, which could result in inadequate sand proportion in the concrete ratio. If we need to add 1m 3 sand in the concrete mix ratio, we take 1.3 m 3 (30% more). The reason for that is the moisture content present in the sand makes it a little bulkier.


Fineness modulus is generally used to get an idea of how coarse or fine the aggregate is. More fineness modulus value indicates that the aggregate is coarser and small value of fineness modulus indicates that the aggregate is finer. Fineness modulus of different type of sand is as per given below. Type of Sand. Fineness Modulus Range. Fine Sand.


Step-4 (Calculating Ratio of Fine Aggregate to Coarse Aggregate) Let " x " is the percentage of fine aggregate to be combined with coarse aggregate. x can be calculated using the formula given below. x = [ (F2-F)/ (F-F1)]*100. Where, F1 = Fineness modulus value of fine aggregate. F2 = Fineness modulus value of coarse aggregate.


aggregates, water content and super plasticizer proportions were kept constant. In this work the following ratio used for mix design (cement, sand, coarse aggregate) is 1.2:1:1.5. The mix proportions were summarized in table 1.1.


🕑 Reading time: 1 minuteProportioning of concrete is the process of selecting quantity of cement, sand, coarse aggregate and water in concrete to obtain desired strength and quality. The proportions of coarse aggregate, cement and water should be such that the resulting concrete has the following properties: When concrete is fresh, it should have enough …


Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate and Fine aggregate Content. The mix is non-cohesive (under sanded), we need to Increase sand proportion in increments of 3% and coarse aggregate proportion to be reduced …


of coarse aggregate was 0.5% which was within the normal range from0.1 to 0.6%.The fineness modulus obtained suggest that, the aggregates used had an approximately average sizes of 600µm and 12.5mm for fine and coarse aggregates respectively. Thus, the sand used was normal sand since it lies within Zone II of geological grading.


These mixtures of stable cement, fine aggregate (sand), and aggregate proportions which ensure sufficient strength are called nominal mixtures.. Nominal mix ratio concrete offers good strength and quality of concrete. Sometimes, Its …


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Aggregates for Concrete

Aggregates may be broadly classi fied as natural or artificial, both with respect to source and to method of preparation. Natural sands and gravels are the product of weathering and the action of wind or water, while manufactured crushed fine aggregate and crushed stone coarse and fine aggregate are produced by crushing natural stone.


Only sand with between FM 2.6 to 2.9 was considered suitable for nominal mix proportion. However, at various sites, independent of FM, the sand is utilized in nominal mix proportion without adjustment of FM by adding fine sand or removing excess fine or coarse particles in any.